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Thijs Vleugel | Meaning Irony: The Ethics of Irony

17.1 Literatuur en Ethiek
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Abstract In the second of this twopart article , the phenomenon of irony and the 1 processes through which it generates meaning will be approached from a perspective that shows how irony not only happens through the semantic interplay between what is “said” and what remains “unsaid”, but also through the ethical interplay between writer, text, and reader. Arguments will be based upon work of authorities on the subject of irony, like Linda Hutcheon, Dan Sperber and Deirdre Wilson, and Wayne...

Martha C. Nussbaum | Literature and Ethical Theory: Allies or Adversaries?

17.1 Literatuur en Ethiek
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Abstract In this article Martha Nussbaum examines the problematic relationship between literature and ethical theory. Inspired by reaction against the ascendancy of reductive theory, especially normative theory deriving from economics, she shows that literature is more than a handmaid of ethical theory, claiming that novels not simply represent ethical deliberation, but incite it. Nussbaum wishes to offer an account that goes beyond the narrow and excessively rationalistic accounts of what moral philosophy includes in claiming that the fluidity of the moral life is well captured in works of literature. The other way round, she sees literature as in need of a partnership with theory, so that we will read critically. In short, literature is needed as a supplement to the theoretical enterprise of ethics; literature and ethics are allies, not...